Meritens, Baron Auguste de

[br]
b. 1834
d. 1898 Pontoise, France
[br]
French engineer who improved the design of magneto-electric generators successfully used for lighthouse illumination.
[br]
Founding the firm of Messrs A. de Meritens of Paris to build magneto-electric generators for electric arc lighting, de Meritens revised the arrangement of the Holmes and Alliance machines. By employing a distributed rotor winding on laminated cores in place of individual bobbins, the wave-form was improved and a continuous output was achieved, as distinct from a series of short-duration pulses. The rotor windings were carried on the periphery of spoked wheels which revolved below the poles of stationary compound permanent magnets. These generators came to prominence in 1880; in France they quickly replaced the Alliance machines in lighthouses, and Trinity House also installed them in Britain. Two examples remained in continuous service at the Lizard lighthouse in Cornwall from 1881 to 1950, and one still survives there as an exhibit. Before being installed, this machine was shown at the Paris Electrical Exhibition of 1881. An electric candle invented by de Meritens was a variation on that of Jablochkoff and he is credited with being the first to suggest the use of a carbon electrode as one pole for electric-arc welding, with the metal to be welded serving as the other pole. Baron de Meritens died tragically in great poverty.
[br]
Bibliography
April 1878, French patent no. 123,766 (improved magneto-electric generator). 17 September 1878, British patent no. 3,658 (improved magneto-electric generator).
Further Reading
Engineering (1878) 28:372 (a description of the original de Meritens machine).
J.Hopkinson, 1886–7, Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers 87(1):243–60 (a report on machines in service).
GW

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Auguste de Méritens — de Méritens lighthouse generator Baron Auguste de Méritens was a French electrical engineer of the 19th century. He was born in 1834 …   Wikipedia

  • Magneto (generator) — 2kW Société de l Alliance magneto generator for arc lamps, of around 1870 This article is about magnetos as electrical generators. For other electrical uses, see Magneto. A magneto is an electrical generator that uses permanent magnets to produce …   Wikipedia

  • Public utilities — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Argand, François Pierre Amis Armstrong, Sir William George Bateman, John Frederick La Trobe Bramah, Joseph Brown, Charles Eugene Lancelot Brunel, Isambard Kingdom Brush, Charles Francis …   Biographical history of technology

  • Electricity — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Alexanderson, Ernst Frederik Werner Ampère, André Marie Aspinall, Sir John Audley Frederick Ayrton, William Edward Bardeen, John Braun, Karl Ferdinand …   Biographical history of technology

  • Casa de Cominges — Escudo de la rama española de la Casa de Cominges. La Casa de Cominges es una de las familias nobles más antiguas[1] de Francia, la cual ya gobernaba en el siglo X, como príncipes soberanos, los países de Cominges, de Couserans, de C …   Wikipedia Español

  • Monthléry — Montlhéry 48°38′21″N 2°16′20″E / 48.63917, 2.27222 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Montlhery — Montlhéry 48°38′21″N 2°16′20″E / 48.63917, 2.27222 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Montlhéry — 48° 38′ 21″ N 2° 16′ 20″ E / 48.639233, 2.272167 …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.